24th november

Clamshell lighting

this week we learned how to create clamshell lighting in the studio. this is done with two lights, one which is angled above the subject and another, which is a filler light, below. this is done to create a smooth and natural look. with this lighting technique, it can enhance the facial structure due to the position of the lights. they create soft shadows under the cheekbones and a slightly deeper shadow under the chin to extenuate the jawline. the shadows are controlled by the second light as it controls the intensity of the shadows. it looks close to flat lighting, but with this technique, it brings out the facial structure instead of blending them out. with flat lighting, it doesn’t bring out any shadows, which means it does not extenuates the face as much as clamshell lighting.

More practical work research/layers

we research more about different photographers who use layers in their work. we researched Olga Ganzha and Chloe Ostmo, who use layers in their work. Ostmo showcases her work by hanging the individual parts of a photo from the ceiling and placing them in a way that you need to look in a specific way to see the whole photo.


we learned a technique called dodge and burn, which is used if parts of the image needs to be exposed longer then others. this is done by first exposing the while image first, then a piece of black card is hovered over a part of the image that does not need to be exposed longer. shaking it in order to fade both parts of the image together and to not create a visible line. I found this a little difficult as I had to guess where to put the card. another technique we learned was to blend two images together. this is also done with the dodge and burn technique, but instead covers half of the paper first to get the effect. I also had trouble with this due to guessing where the images blend together. I overcame this by testing first how it would look like. another technique was double exposure, like the technique done in photoshop, you use two images and blend them together. in the darkroom, this is done by placing two negatives into the holder and exposing them to create the effect. this looks better then on photoshop as the images keep their detail while exposed. Again, with this I had problems, mostly to do with exposure. because the images were dark in the negatives, I found it hard to correctly expose them. some of by test images were either too dark or nothing showed up.


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